Driver obligations

Taxi and hire vehicle (including rideshare) drivers must comply with obligations under the law. There are penalties for non-compliance.         

Taxi and booking service providers can also require extra standards for drivers in addition to those in the law. Drivers must comply with the policies of their  service provider.

Obligations for all drivers

Obligation Detail

Safety standards

All drivers must meet certain safety standards such as holding an unrestricted driver licence for 12 months in the preceding four years and meeting medical standards. Safety standards for drivers are outlined further here.

No Smoking

Taxi drivers must not smoke in their vehicle at any time. Hire vehicle, including rideshare, drivers must not smoke in their vehicle while it is being used to provide a passenger service.

Offensive behaviour

Drivers must not behave in an offensive manner and must not interfere with the comfort or safety of others.


Drivers’ blood alcohol concentration must be under 0.02 grams of alcohol per 100 ml of blood.

Equipment and vehicle

Drivers must not damage a vehicle or interfere with its equipment and drivers must not drive a vehicle that they know, or ought reasonably to know, is non-compliant with the Regulations. Read the Safety Standards for Taxis and Safety Standards for Booked Vehicles for information on what driver maintenance is permitted.

Additional passengers

Drivers cannot permit any person to ride in the vehicle without the consent of the hirer.

Assistance animals

Drivers cannot prohibit any assistance animals or assistance animals in training from entering the vehicle.

Touting or soliciting

Drivers, or any other person, must not tout or solicit for passengers for the hiring of a vehicle.

 Airport precincts


  • Drivers must only pick up or drop off passengers in the designated areas.
  • Drivers must not leave their vehicle unattended unless in a designated holding bay.
  • Drivers must follow the directions of airport security and staff.

Complying with the directions of authorised officers

Drivers must follow the reasonable directions of the authorised officers of the Point to Point Transport Commissioner, police officers or officers authorised under transport law.

Drivers must hand over their drivers licence for inspection if requested to do so by an authorised officer or the police.

Accepting a booking

Drivers must only accept bookings from authorised booking service providers.

The Passenger Service Levy

Drivers must comply with directions given by taxi or booking service providers in the course of collecting the levy.

Obligations for hire vehicle drivers only

Obligation Detail
Booked Services Drivers of hire vehicles, including rideshare, can only carry out booked passenger services.  This means they must not ply, stand, queue or park for hire on roads, taxi zones, hotel foyers or other road-related areas. Bookings must be made before the driver stops the vehicle at the place where the passenger is to be picked up.
Vehicle markings, lights and signage Hire and rideshare vehicles must not in any way indicate that they are a taxi through livery or paint work, markings, signs or lights that resemble those of a taxi.
Retroreflective signage Drivers must display a retroreflective sign that identifies the vehicle as a hire vehicle. This sign must be displayed on or near the rear of the driver’s side of the vehicle and must be visible from outside the vehicle.

Obligations for taxi drivers only

Obligation Detail

Taxi zones

Drivers are only allowed to stop in an area that is not a taxi zone if they are hired or not available for hire, loading or unloading luggage or goods, or picking up and dropping off passengers. If a taxi is hired or vacant a driver cannot stop in a taxi zone.


Taxi drivers must not interfere or permit interference with a taxi’s tracking device, camera, fare calculation device or duress alarm.


Accepting and terminating hires

The driver of a taxi that is available for hire must accept a hiring immediately when offered. Taxi drivers can only refuse to pick up a passenger if:

  • it would breach the Road Rules 2014
  • the driver is proceeding to a destination for the purpose of ending a shift and the passenger wishes to go to a location not on the way to the driver’s destination.
    • For example, if the driver is on route to their end destination at the end of a shift, and is hailed, they are permitted to refuse the fare if the intending passenger is headed in the opposite direction to the driver’s end destination. If the intending passenger’s destination is in the general direction to the drivers end destination the driver must accept the hiring.
    • It should be noted that this does not apply to a taxi that is standing in a sign posted taxi zone (taxi rank). The driver standing in a taxi zone must be available for hire so must accept all hirings. This is because they are waiting in a taxi zone and not in the act of ‘proceeding’ to their end destination for the purpose of finishing their shift.
  • the person is smoking or drinking alcohol and refuses to stop
  • the person is likely to damage or soil the taxi or other passengers, or cause inconvenience, offend, annoy or interfere with the comfort or safety of other passengers or the driver
  • one of the passengers is under the age of one year and neither driver nor passengers is carrying an appropriate child restraint
  • the passenger, on request, cannot pay the fare
  • in the case of a pre-paid fare, the agreed deposit has not been paid.


Peak availability taxis

Taxi drivers must not use a peak availability taxi to transport passengers between 5:00am and 12:00pm.


Displaying ID

Taxi drivers must display their identity document clearly.


Fare Calculation Devices

For a taxi hiring using the meter, the driver must start the fare calculation device (meter) as soon as the taxi is hired and keep the meter running during the hiring.  The meter must be stopped once the hiring has ended or if the taxi is delayed because of a fuel shortage or other reason in the driver’s control.  See below for more information on Fares.


Fares – for taxi drivers providing rank and hail taxi services

The Fares Order published by Transport for NSW limits the maximum fare that can be charged for a hiring that commences at a rank or was hailed on the street. Drivers must not exceed this maximum when demanding a fare, except when a passenger’s destination is outside of the taxi’s area of operation. See Authorised fares.

If the taxi driver accepts a multiple hire, the taxi driver must stop the fare calculation device (meter) while the fare is being paid and the passenger is exiting the taxi.

Taxi drivers may request a hirer pay a deposit before or during a hire. The deposit must not be higher than the driver’s estimate of the authorised fare for the intended journey. A driver must give a receipt for the deposit if requested and must refund any amount greater than the final fare when the hiring is terminated. 

Maxi taxis are only legally allowed to charge a higher fare (which is an amount of up 150% of the fare) if they are providing a passenger service for five or more people for a taxi caught at a rank or hail. This is a requirement of the Fares Order with which drivers must comply.

Rank and hail taxi fares – Fare Order update

Transport for NSW has published new maximum rank and hail fares that apply from 1 January 2023

What does this mean?

The new fares order will increase maximum rank and hail taxi fares by 10 cents per kilometre for each distance charge: for example, in urban areas, the daytime charge will increase from $2.19 to $2.29 per kilometre.
Any taxi service provider moving to the higher fares must continue to comply with the requirements of the point to point transport law.
Transport for NSW is responsible for the fare order, more information on the fare order, and rank and hail fares and charges can be found on Transport for NSW’s website - Rank and hail taxi fares

As a driver – what do I need to do?

Your service provider is responsible for updating the fare calculation device - you must continue to use the taxi fare calculation device (meter) for all rank and hail passenger services

  • If you are a taxi driver who is providing rank and hail fairs you must not exceed the maximum fare published by your service provider.
  • Taxi drivers cannot request demand a fixed fare or refuse a fare if the passenger won’t agree to a fixed fare
  • Reach out to your service provider for information regarding the rank and hail fare increase

Wheelchair accessible vehicles

Drivers of wheelchair accessible vehicles must give priority to a person using a wheelchair.

Wheelchair accessible vehicles must comply with the safety standards described in the safety standards booked vehicles services and safety standards for taxis pages.

Drivers of wheelchair accessible vehicles must be able to demonstrate competency in the safe loading, restraint and unloading of a person in a wheelchair.  The Regulation (Clause 26) details how service providers and drivers must comply with this safety standard.

Wheelchair accessible taxis – fares

Drivers must start the fare calculation device (meter) immediately after a taxi is hired, except for a wheelchair booking in a wheelchair accessible taxi. For a wheelchair passenger service, the fare calculation device (meter) can only be turned on once the wheelchair is safely secured. The device must be kept running during the trip and must be stopped in certain circumstances, for as long as required to prevent it from registering an unnecessary charge.

Residents of NSW who are unable to use public transport and rely on WATs because of a severe and permanent disability may qualify for the Taxi Transport Subsidy Scheme (TTSS). Transport for NSW provides detailed information for drivers regarding the TTSS scheme here